Old Testament - Exegesis

»Wenn der Heilige erscheint« Der dreimal heilige Herr erscheint Jesaja im Tempel, spricht zu ihm und sendet ihn zur Urteilsverkündung. Es ist ein atemberaubender Anblick. Der Auftrag Gottes ist erschreckend. Aus der Vernichtung kann man nicht aus eigenen Kräften neu erstehen, allein dadurch, dass der Herr jemand zum prophetischen Dienst befähigt. Und da ist noch das Volk Juda am Ende des 8. Jahrhunderts vor Christus, und dieses Volk ist reif für das Gericht.

In Jeremiah 28, there is a dispute between the prophets Jeremiah and Hananiah over the (il)legitimacy of prophecies of salvation concerning Judah and prophecies of judgement regarding Babylon. On the eve of Jerusalem’s fall to the Babylonians, the prophet Jeremiah, who proclaims judgement on Judah at the hands of Babylon, appears to be the true, genuine, canonical voice of God.

It is argued that the preposition in Prov 1:22b is employed as a dativus commodi, as opposed to earlier assumptions that it is a dativus ethicus. The employment of the preposition in Prov 1:22 as a dativus commodi in a construction with the verb, "to desire," implies an ironic criticism of the negative attitude of the "scoffers" towards Wisdom's call and of their revelling delight in their scoffing.

This work examines the relationship of the speeches of Wisdom to one another and with the rest of Proverbs 1–9. This rapport between the speeches is expounded in the close reading chapters and is also scrutinized from the perspective of their genre definition. In turn, it is suggested that the affinities between the speeches and parental instructions of Proverbs 1–9, point towards viewing the speeches as a component genre, called instruction by Wisdom within the framing genre parental wisdom instruction.

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